Stem cell therapy has become one of the most talked about topic in the medical industry lately. Although this modern innovation has already made successful treatments to patients all over the world, there are still mysteries that enshroud it. Stem cell therapy may be a new discovery but its execution is not really that complicated to fathom. Medical practitioners use devices that aids them in providing stem cell therapy to patients. It is necessary to understand the definition of stem cells first in order to know what happens in this therapy.
The Different Stem Cells in the Human Body
The stem cell is basically responsible for the natural regenerative ability of the human body to restore damaged cells and tissues back to their original state. The most active stem cells in the body are the embryonic stem cells which are basically the cells that mostly make up the embryo. Embryonic cells are clearly observed in a microscope but they are very mysterious when they are injected to the body. The use of embryonic stem cells is being done in many hospitals but it is still considered controversial to many medical researchers.
The stem cells that can be found other than embryos are called adult stem cells. Adult stem cells are quite common in the body because they are present in every tissue. The use of stem cell therapy is already legal in all places but their availability is still limited to certain regions in the country. Adult stem cells are typically acquired from the human brain tissues, bone marrow, and sometimes from the muscles. There are also recent discoveries about the abundance of adult stem cells in the human fats. The results of this stem cell treatment mainly depends on the source of the stem cells and how they are injected to the human body.
Stem Cell Types
Xenogenic, allogenic, and autologous are the three types of stem cells. Autologous stem cells are simply the stem cells that are gathered from animals. The human body does not normally reject autologous stem cells which is why they are the most ideal to use in surgeries and transplants. Allogenic stem cells are categorized as those that are harvested from the same species, in which case human to human. Since these cells are coming from the same species, there is less likelihood of rejection from the patient. Xenogenic is a term used to describe stem cells that come from a distinct species to the receiver. Although there are cases that such stem cells are rejected by the receiver, there are still scenarios where they accepted by the body. You can know further about how this therapy works through your doctor.